An Exposition Of Kant'S Arendt'S And Mill'S Moral Philosophy

  • Utilitarianism and Kant's Categorical Imperative

    Utilitarianism and Kant’s Categorical Imperative The issues of morality are most clearly expressed through examples of different methods of analyzing a situation. The case of Holmes, an officer in charge of a sinking ship, shows the striking differences between philosopher Immanuel Kant’s beliefs and those of the Utilitarians. After Holmes’ ship sinks, there are twenty passengers in a lifeboat that is only meant to hold fourteen people. There was no time to send out a signal for help before

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  • Some Moral Minima

    Some Moral Minima By Jeremy Worrall Intro to Ethics & Social Responsibility Ashford University Instructor Tiffany Davis Utilitarianism is a consequentialist theory, centering on the production of a good, happiness. Most of its problems center on the use of a nonmoral good, happiness, to dominate moral deliberation. Many philosophers who reject consequential moral theories believe that moral requirements are often valid whether or not they produce more nonmoral good. They propose a deontological

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  • Moral Program

    A Moral Program for Myself as a Person and Professional A Moral Program for Myself as a Person and Professional Education is the key pillar of the modern world. Through education, we achieve a personal sensation of achievement and sole satisfaction. However, what lessons do we draw from the classes and lessons that we attend? In addition, are there ways in which we can apply the knowledge and the information we learn from the class and use it to shape our personal

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  • Philosophy

    Institute of Philosophy and Religious studies. Affiliated to The Catholic University of Malawi PHILOSOPHY OF KNOWLEDGE (Epistemology) Student: OTIENO STEPHEN MBAKA Class Notes INTRODUCTION Fundamental Notions THE "PHILOSOPHY OF KNOWLEDGE" is that branch of philosophy which tries to determine in a general way what the nature and scope of man's capacity to know are. Precisely what this determi-nation will turn out to be cannot be foreseen

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  • Philosophy Matrix Metaphysics, Moral, Social, Political Paper

    Philosophy Matrix Metaphysics, Moral, Social, Political Paper Metaphysics, Morals, Social, and the Political philosophy's are four major philosophical areas of inquiry. Learning about the historical development of each school of thought, who the main contributors were, and what the primary issues are in each field. Increases the knowledge and understanding of the culture and its philosophy. Study of Existence Metaphysics is the focus of the nature of existence, reality, and who we are. Metaphysics

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  • Kant’s View

    Kant’s view Life, an unexplained phenomenon is something most of us take for granted and don’t understand its true value as much as we should is the condition that distinguishes organisms from inorganic objects and capacity for growth. There are two major facts about life, not everyone lives but everybody dies. Life is lived and valued differently from individuals who live life according to Ethical and Morality Theories established longtime ago from religious philosophers, philosophers and scholars

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  • The Good Life - Philosophy 112

    PHI-112, Summer 2013 The Good Life, Late-Modern vs. Post-Modern Hart, M. J. June 16, 2013 Most of the late-modern philosophers took a completely different view of ethics and a moral society as their predecessors. Aside from Kierkegaard’s deeply religious views, their ideas were to get away from religion being necessary to achieve a good life. The emphasis was one in which people should not think in order to be ethical one must be religious. This seemed

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  • Ethics of Sexual Intercourse - Kant's Dilemma

    turmoil. Such a situation is the best spot for a notice any person’s genuine moral values; considering that the penalties associated with misbehavior might be between low for you to higher, and also the self-inflicting shame may be low for you to higher based on unique moral systems. Kant’s Ethics structure is probably the moral systems enable you to evaluate the morality associated with this sort of situation. Kant’s theory associated with integrity suggests that all human beings possess the power

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  • A Critique on Kant's Principle of Autonomy

    QUEEN OF APOSTLES PHILOSOPHY CENTRE JINJA (PCJ) CRITIQUE OF THE NOTION OF AUTONOMY IN KANT’S MORAL PHILOSOPHY AN UNDER GRADUATE DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE INSTITUTE OF ETHICS AND DEVELOPMENT STUDIES OF UGANDA MARTYRS UNIVERSITY (UMU) NKOZI, IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF ARTS IN PHILOSOPHY BISIMWA MUNYALI EVARISTE MARCH 2011 1 DEDICACE This work is dedicated in a special way to: My ever loving and caring God, My family and the community of the Missionaries

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  • Philosophy

    P LA T O and a P LAT Y P U S WA L K I N TO A B A R . . . Understanding Philosophy Through Jokes < T H O M A S C AT H C A RT & D A N I E L K L E I N * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

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  • Philosophy

    Philosophy Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Discussed in this paper will be the most prominent individuals in each time period and their ideas, starting with the “Pre-Socratic” philosophers and ending in the era of post modernism. The time period in ancient Greece between the end of the seventh century B.C. and the middle of the fourth century B.C. is what is known as the “Pre-Socratic Era”. The

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  • Philosophy

    divine intelligent being, which caused the purpose or order that it manifests in nature. The Teleological Argument has also been the most theistic arguments tending to evoke spontaneous assent, the simple and sophisticated alike. The most famous exposition of the Teleological Argument is William Paley. In his work, Paley popularized the argument from design with his concrete illustration of human artifact. This is the watch that he compared to the world. The argument from design, primarily based on

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  • Explain Kant's Moral Argument

    Kant’s moral argument focuses on the notion that God must exist to provide structure to the moral universe. Technically he did not believe that is was possible to prove the existence of God through rational or empirical means. It is important to outline two key ideas before explaining the details of the moral argument. These ideas centre around his assumptions of the universe: that the universe was fair; and that the world around us is fundamentally rational. He begins with the unspoken assumption

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  • Moral

    Moral absolutism is related to human rights and stands against social topics such as war, sexism, rape to be absolutely and undoubtly immoral, regardless of religious beliefs that may believe these practices are acceptable depending on a situation. In a nutshell, moral absolutism follows the belief that there are set universal principles that are distinctively moral or immoral no matter what. For example, females being paid less than men due to their gender can be considered acceptable in some societies;

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  • An Exposition of Kant’s, Arendt’s, and Mill’s Moral Philosophy

    act in accordance with and from duty. Several other philosophers such as Hannah Arendt discuss Kant’s moral philosophy. In her case study: “The Accused and Duties of a Law-Abiding Citizen”, Arendt examines how Adolf Eichmann’s actions conformed to Kant’s moral precepts but also how they ran of afoul to his conception of duty. In contrast, John Stuart Mill adopts a teleological view of moral philosophy. He exposes his view of consequentialism and utilitarianism to argue that an action is morally right

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  • Philosophy

    not consequences but the way choosers think when they make choices. Kant says that only one thing is inherently good, and that is the good will. The will is found in humans but not nonhuman animals not a material thing it is our power of rational moral choice its presence gives humans their inherent dignity. The will is good when it acts out of duty, not out of inclination. Because to do something because it makes you feel good or because you hope to gain something from it. Kant recommends that we

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  • Philosophy Nietzsche

    Taylor Dordick Philosophy 320.19 December 11, 2013 Final Question 3 Friedrich Nietzsche and Hannah Arendt both wrote extensively about the foundations of moral philosophy and the formation of the ethical self. Nietzsche, in “On the Genealogy of Morals”, centers his own moral philosophy on the concept of a supra moral individual, which he specifically defines in terms of someone who is effectively free and sovereign, not bound by the bourgeois “morality of custom”. Defined as acting autonomously

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  • Philosophy and Design

    Philosophy and Design Pieter E. Vermaas • Peter Kroes Andrew Light • Steven A. Moore Philosophy and Design From Engineering to Architecture Pieter E. Vermaas Delft University of Technology Delft the Netherlands Andrew Light University of Washington Seattle USA Peter Kroes Delft University of Technology Delft the Netherlands Steven A. Moore University of Texas Austin USA ISBN 978-1-4020-6590-3 e-ISBN 978-1-4020-6591-0 Library of Congress Control Number: 2007937486 © 2008 Springer

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  • Kant's Morality

    torture of fearing that serious physical pain might start taking place at any moment. But, is it morally correct to use these techniques on an individual just for the sole purpose of obtaining information? The following paper will go in-depth on the moral standpoints of torture lite. From an Act Utilitarian viewpoint, torture lite can indeed be justified. I would say that an individual act of torture lite is justified when it will clearly produce more good than harm. Weigh the suffering of the victim

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  • Kant's Concept of Pure Reason

    German Philosophy: Kant’s concept of reason Critique of Pure Reason Prateek S Kolhar (EE10B109) 29th April 2014 1. Introduction During the period of enlightenment in Europe, there were 2 schools of thought that talked about the way we acquire knowledge: Rationalism and Empiricism. Rationalists like Leibniz claimed that knowledge is innate, that is, we are born with all the knowledge and the experiences that we have in this world just help us in uncovering/ remembering this knowledge. Empiricist

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  • Moral Philosophies

    22/03/2014 Lecture outline Teaching and Learning in COMM101 What is a Corporation? The Business of Business Sources of Morality The Importance of Moral Principles Past Cohort Performances HD Autumn 2013 (607) Spring 2012 (440) Autumn 2012 (674) Spring 2011 (528) 15% 6% 13% 13% D 31% 25% 28% 22% C 32% 34% 29% 25% P 12% 19% 18% 25% F 8% 10% 7% 9% TF 2% 5% 3% 6% Avg. 69.75 65.36 69.02 65.88 Autumn 2011 (701) 10% 24% 26% 25% 7% 6% 65.38 1 22/03/2014 Critical

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  • Philosophy Paper

    Edgar Venegas November 25, 2014 Philosophy 310 Professor Schubert Final Essay High school students are not learning and passing a course due to how the teaching material is organized. Teachers follow and teach their material to students by following what the book says. Due to the fact, that students learn exactly what is taught from the book, their teachers believe the student is capable of answering their own questions based off the book. Furthermore causing the student to score poorly in

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  • Moral Theory Essay

    by, we come to a discrete conclusion that "morality" has complete power over our beings. Morality is the quality of being in accord with standards of right or good conduct. The installation of a moral system is vital in every society. Yet, every moral system must deal with the major conflicting general moral issues: Consequentialism versus Non-consequentialism; Self versus Other-Interestedness; Act Utilitarianism versus Rule Utilitarianism; and Emotion versus reason as well as others. The approaches

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  • Philosophy

    Future Financial problem of Social Security and Mill’s Greatest Happiness Principle Perhaps one of the most pressing issues that confront the future of the Social Security is its financial health. The recent 2014 Social Security report indicates that both the retirement and social security trust fund of the agency threatens to become exhausted by 2033. According to the report, while the retirement program of the Social security is fully funded for the next 19 years, its surplus fund will start

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  • Kant's Moral Theory

    Kant’s Moral Theory: The Flaws One of the most controversial aspects of Kant’s moral philosophy is his theory regarding the concept of duty. Duty is the moral necessity to perform actions for no other reason than to obey the dictates of a higher authority without any selfish inclination. Immanuel Kant states that the only moral motivation is a devotion to duty. The same action can be seen as moral if it is done for the sake of one’s duty but also as not moral (Kant distinguished between immoral

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  • Philosophy

    A2 Religious Studies Revision Booklet To be used alongside the textbook and your classnotes. Contents G581: Philosophy of Religion Religious Language......................................................………p.1 Religious Experience........................................................…...p.7 Miracles..................................................................…………...p.12 Nature of God.....................................................

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  • Hume: Philosophy and Moral Ethics

    Quiz #1 Questions 1. Give full and logical descriptions of the philosophy. Biography is optional. 2. Give any comparison you consider interesting. Pro/Con Philosophers 3. Your personal opinion about this philosophy. David Hume 1 Biography 1711 – 1776 Scottish Philosopher Self-Proclaimed Agnostic Did not believe we could answer the question, “Does God exist?” Exiled and moved to France Leading thinker in European enlightenment Wrote treaties on ethics

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  • Mill's Utilitarian

    way that people should act or the best way to live a moral life. Mill believes that people act the way that they do for the sake of happiness. It is even good to cause pain to a small group of people if the result promotes happiness for a larger group. According to Mill, this is the greatest happiness principle because the actions are not based on the feelings of happiness of one but the happiness of the greatest number. I disagree with Mill’s greatest happiness principle because this is not the

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  • Business Ethics and Moral Philosophy

    Applying Moral Philosophies to Business Ethics Moral philosophies - present guidelines for determining how conflicts in human interests are to be settled and for optimizing mutual benefit of people living together in groups. --There is no one correct way to resolve ethical issues in business. -- Each type of philosophy has a distinct basis for deciding whether a particular action is right or wrong. -- Ethics issues analyzed using different philosophical theories generally have the same appropriate

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  • Philosophy Syllabus

    Borbon Main Campus I Batangas City COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, ARCHITECTURE AND FINE ARTS GENERAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT Second Semester, AY 2015-2016 COURSE SYLLABUS HUM 102 INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY 3 Units Prerequisite: None UNIVERSITY VISION A University which shapes a global Filipino imbued with moral courage nurtured through values and excellent education. UNIVERSITY MISSION Batangas State University commits to develop productive citizens by providing the highest standard of instruction

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  • Philosophy & Ethics

    AS Religious Studies [pic] PHILOSOPHY & ETHICS Revision Summary Notes Revision Notes Foundation for the Study of Religion Part One: Philosophy of Religion Plato and the Forms Influence of Socrates • Socrates said that virtue is knowledge – to know what is right is to do what is right. • All wrongdoing is the result of ignorance – nobody chooses to do wrong deliberately. • Therefore, to be moral you must have true knowledge. The problem of the One and the

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  • Moral Philosophy Term Paper

    Philospohy 12 (Moral Philosophy) SUBMITTED TO: Karen Acoba Instructor SUBMITTED BY: Joanne Marie B. Sanchez, BS BIO I – A 11:30 – 1:00 pm TTH March, 2016 Introduction “What is right and wrong?” Every day we ask that question, whether in simple situations like choosing a dress to wear in a party, or complicated ones like judging a supposed criminal. It guides our decisions, and helps to get better hold of our actions. In the field of Philosophy, the rightness or wrongness of a moral action is

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  • Mill’s Notion

    After I read Mill’s notion of higher and lower pleasures, I changed the view of my opinion about higher and lower pleasures. Before that, I thought we just need happiness, and then it will be ok. I never think about what kind of pleasures are higher or lower. Through Mill’s view, it’s really difficult to define higher and lower pleasure. But at least, Mill equates happiness with pleasure, and not all pleasures have equal value; higher pleasures of the mind are better than lower pleasures of the body

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  • Kant vs Nietzsche Philosophy Paper

    fundamental questions in philosophy is what the most important thing we are looking for is and what effects it has on our lives. There are different views related to such a fundamental question. The treatment of people is the question of morality. We are going to take a look at positions taken by great German philosophers Kant and Nietzsche on the question of morality and the way people should be treated, based on their arguments presented in theories developed by them. Kant’s philosophy is based on the

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  • Philosophy Ethics

    Philosophy Paper 2 Mill claims that proving happiness is an end for all people requires an atypical form of proof for it is an atypical principle in academic writing. Declared by Mill: Ends, not means to an end, are desirable and things that are desirable are to be desired. Just as the physical senses of things being viewed are seen and things being audible are heard. The ONLY proof that happiness is an end, is if people desire it. And EVERYONE desires his or her own happiness. Therefore happiness

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  • Moral Theory and Culture

    Moral Theory and Culture Culture is a way of life; it guides beliefs, values, and attitudes. It identifies who one is. It defines the nature of relationships, and individual practices. The decision and actions one take is based upon culture. It is culture that is the building block of one’s moral beliefs. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the “Classical Theories of Morality” and the relevance of these theories to cultural identity. Aristotle’s theory suggests that every action is aimed at

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  • Moral Luxuries

    Monica Baker Instructor Elgersma Philosophy 103 Section 07 26 April 2014 Moral Luxuries Opinions are inevitable when discussing any topic and they can change throughout a discussion depending on the person. However, definitions cannot change and are set in stone. Philosophies are just like definitions, the ideas are set in stone and each philosopher has made it their own. The idea of morality that embodies most philosophies is trickier and is a mix of both a definition and opinion. No matter

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  • Treating People Equally Is Not the Most Important Moral Principle for Resolving Issues of Poverty

    In reality, treating people equally is not the most important moral principle for resolving issues of poverty, sexism and disabilities, notwithstanding the fact that the counter proposition is often propounded. Many people hold the view that we are responsible for looking after the world’s population by treating everyone the same and by providing equal treatment to everyone, regardless of the fact that individual situations may not allow for such actions. Unfortunately although this viewpoint is

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  • Review of Kant's Theory

    English 121 November 12 2015 Kant’s theory While Immanuel Kant was one of the greatest thinkers to date, I found myself left with questions with no real clear answers about his work. One of my major questions I had actually came to me while I was reading though this chapter for the first time. I found difficulties involving his uniquely perceived dissimilarities differentiating a priori and a posteriori knowledge. In my personal opinion the main bulk of our individualistic conception and interpretation

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  • Ethics and Related Philosophies

    the ideal human character' or 'the science of moral duty' ". Ethics, sometimes known as philosophical ethics, ethical theory, moral theory, and moral philosophy, is a branch ofphilosophy that involves systematizing, defending and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct, often addressing disputes of moral diversity. The term comes from the Greek word ἠθικός ethikos from ἦθος ethos, which means "custom, habit". The superfield within philosophy known as axiology includes both ethics and aesthetics and

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  • Philosophy

    ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- A2 PHILOSOPHY REVISION NOTES ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- The Body and Soul Introduction * Materialism is the view that the mind cannot be separated from the body

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  • Philosophy

    90 State Street, Suite 700, Albany, NY 12207 Production, Laurie Searl Marketing, Fran Keneston Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Mason, Richard, 1948– Understanding understanding / Richard Mason. p. cm. — (SUNY series in philosophy) Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0-7914-5871-7 (alk. paper) — ISBN 0-7914-5872-5 (pbk. : alk. paper) 1. Comprehension (Theory of knowledge) I. Title. II. Series. BD181.5.M27 2003 121—dc21 2003042557 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2

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  • Mill's Methods

    University | Assignment #6 | Philosophy: Extra Credit | | A Dixon | 6/30/2016 | | John Stuart Mill was an English savant of the nineteenth century who depicted various strategies for finding causal variables. We should take a gander at two of his strategies: the "technique for assention" and the "strategy for distinction" (in spite of the fact that Mill portrayed different strategies, they fundamentally are minor departure from these two). Mill’s Method of Agreement With the technique

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  • Philosophy

    cases that appear in Units 1 &amp; 2 of the Philosophy 333 Study Guide except Case 2. 1. However, please refer to the discussion regarding Case 2.1 in Unit 2, under the heading “Applying Normative Theories to a Moral Situation”, as an example of how to apply moral theories to a case. 2. Clearly state a professional ethics issue that pertains to the case. It is recommended that you state your issue in question form. 3. Choose TWO out of the five moral theories studied in Unit 2, but only one

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  • Moral and Ethics

    Moral and Ethics Name of the Student Institutional Affiliation Morals and Ethics Two of the most influential ethical theories that have been studied in this module include Mill’s Utilitarianism and Kant’s duty-based theory. The aim of this essay is to weigh each of these two ethical theories. The analysis conducted will then be used to determine which of the two theories is applicable in day-to-day life. An explanation for the belief

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  • Moral

    Moral and Ethical Dilemmas One of the most difficult trials I face in my life are ethical and moral dilemmas. They can be soul-wrenching and searching experiences that tax my character and cause me to really "put my money where my mouth is." Sometimes I'm quick to see ethical faults in others, but slow to see them in myself. Other times I see all to clearly my mistakes and wonder why I don't measure up. I believe one purpose for this life is to learn to act for ourselves. Learn to see a situation

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  • Philosophy

    How does the systematic neural dependence of mental states provide an argument for reductive materialism? Mental states are identical to brain states. Pain just is the firing of certain neurons in a brain, believing that philosophy of mind is difficult just is the firing of certain other neurons, etc. For every individual mental state, there is an individual brain state that is identical to it. There are many scientific discoveries that have shown us various phenomena

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  • Kant's Categorical Imperative

    Analyzing Immanuel Kant’s Grounding for A Metaphysics of Morals Anders Bordum WP 4/2002 January 2002 MPP Working Paper No. 4/2002 © January 2002 ISBN: 87-91181-06-2 ISSN: 1396-2817 Department of Management, Politics and Philosophy Copenhagen Business School Blaagaardsgade 23B DK-2200 Copenhagen N Denmark Phone: +45 38 15 36 30 Fax: +45 38 15 36 35 E-mail: as.lpf@cbs.dk www.cbs.dk/departments/mpp 2 The Categorical Imperative Analyzing Immanuel Kant's Grounding for a

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  • Philosophy

    works. The Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals (1785) was Kant's "search for and establishment of the supreme principle of morality." In The Critique of Practical Reason (1787) Kant attempted to unify his account of practical reason with his work in theCritique of Pure Reason. Kant was the major proponent in history of what is called deontological ethics. Deontology is the study of duty. On Kant's view, the sole feature that gives an action moral worth is not the outcome that is achieved by

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  • On Kant and Mill’s Ethics

    In both Immanuel Kant’s Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals and John Stuart Mill’s Utilitarianism, the authors give several strong, well structured arguments on the composition of ethics. Largely, their works help to draw focus to two different explanations of what makes an action morally just as opposed to morally unjust through essentially opposite viewpoints. Despite a key difference between their philosophies, Kant and Mill contribute to an overall picture of the historical ethical argument

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