Assess The View That Sociological Arguments And Evidence Support Functionalist Views Of The Role And Functions Of Religion In Contemporary Society

  • Assess the View That the Main Function of Religion Is to Promote Social Stability

    Assess the view that the main function of religion is to promote social stability (33 marks) Social stability refers to harmony and integration within society, the main function of religion has long been argued between sociologists depending on their perspective. Among those that agree are functionalists, for example Durkheim and his study on totem worship, on the other hand Marxists argue religion oppresses the proletariat in order to maintain a capitalist society. The main sociologists that support

    Words: 1268 - Pages: 6

  • Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere, Assess the Functionalist View That Religion Benefits Both Society as a Whole and Its Individual Members (18 Marks)"

    Elsewhere, Assess the Functionalist View That Religion Benefits Both Society as a Whole and Its Individual Members (18 Marks)" Many functionalists argue that religion benefits both society as a whole as well as its individual members however other sociologists may oppose this view and claim that those who do actually benefit from religion this is at the expense of others, this in itself contradicts many of the beliefs set out in religions themselves. The consensus view as posed by functionalists presents

    Words: 645 - Pages: 3

  • Assess the View That Cults and Sects Are Fringe Organisations That Are Inevitably Short Lived and of Little Influence on Contemporary Society. (33 Marks)

    Yana Garcia Mander 13.0 hw. Assess the view that cults and sects are fringe organisations that are inevitably short lived and of little influence on contemporary society. Cults and sects are often hard to differentiate from one another, as a lot of them have very similar features such as a world-rejecting values and the offer of alternative explanations to traditional beliefs. According to Troeitsch, sects tend to be small, tight-knitted groups of individuals that often disagree with

    Words: 1101 - Pages: 5

  • Functionalist View of Society

    The functionalist view of the sociology of health and illness Talcott Parsons – functionalism provided a complete theory of society, all social actions can be understood in terms of how they help society to function effectively or not i.e when a person is sick they are unable to perform their social roles normally. Compared illness to crime, acts as a deviance disturbing the functioning of society, which needs to be controlled and the deviant helped or forced back into their social role once again

    Words: 619 - Pages: 3

  • Assess Functionalist Views on the Nature and Role of Religion

    Assess functionalist views on the nature and role of religion. (18m) Functionalism is a modern structualist theory based on consensus and shared norms + values, and they put forward the human body analogy to explain how society works as the human body analogy views institutions such as school and work as organs of the body and if one should fail the whole body representing society will be affected as a state of anomie would occur and so society would breakdown due to a state of normlessness but

    Words: 792 - Pages: 4

  • Evaluate Feminist Views on the Role and Functions of Religion in Society Today

    Evaluate feminist views on the role and functions of religion in society today (33 Marks) All over the world religion is portrayed differently giving people many different opinions on it. In general feminists portray the view that women are oppressed by men and they believe that this is enforced through different ways including religion. Feminist believe that religion is a product of patriarchy meaning it serves the purpose of men. This could be suggested due to the majority of religious figures

    Words: 552 - Pages: 3

  • Evaluate the View That Religion Is an Important Source of Moral Values in Contemporary Socities

    “Evaluate the view that religion is an important source of moral values in contemporary societies” The debate as to whether religion is a vital source of moral values in contemporary society is continuous. Sociologists aim to know and understand exactly how and if religion plays any role in current society. This leads us to ask what exactly religion is. According to sociologists, there are three main ways of defining religion: substantive, functional and social constructionist. Max Weber (1905)

    Words: 5435 - Pages: 22

  • Feminist Views on Religion

    Task Essay Question(s): Evaluate feminist views on the role and functions of religion in society today (18marks) Patriarchal Vehicle Evidence of patriarchy; * Sacred text, places of worship etc. Woodhead, Armstrong etc Criticism and strengths. Task Essay Question(s): Evaluate feminist views on the role and functions of religion in society today (18marks) Patriarchal Vehicle Evidence of patriarchy; * Sacred text, places of worship etc. Woodhead, Armstrong etc Criticism and strengths.

    Words: 1967 - Pages: 8

  • Assess the View That Religion Has to Adapt to Society or It Will Die Out

    Religion has affected humans in society in many different ways, by rules, traditions and mortality. The most powerful and important role that religion has played within society is how it controlled the human mind for many centuries, brainwashing the people on what to believe and what not to believe, and that is one of the main reasons why religious organisations are changing the rules and trying to adapt to society to win the faith of the people back, as things like New Age Movements and Atheism

    Words: 486 - Pages: 2

  • Critically Examine Functionalist Views of the Role of the Family in Society

    Functionalists see the family as an immensely important sub-system of society. Murdock acclaimed that one of the four essential functions that the family performs in order to meet the needs of society and its members is to 'stabilise satisfaction of the sex drive with the same partner'. As this prevents the ‘social disruption’ caused by promiscuity. However, Marxists would argue that this role serves more as an economic function, as it allows property ownership and wealth to be directly passed onto

    Words: 1042 - Pages: 5

  • Sociology Beliefs in Society Exam Questions

    in which religion could be said to ‘exert social control over the members of society’ (June2006) b) Identify and briefly explain some of the ways in which functionalists see religion meeting the needs of society and / or individuals. (June 2007) New syllabus: 12 mark questions a)Using material from item a and elsewhere, briefly examine the extent to which religion can still be said to be functional for individuals and society (June 2002) b) Briefly examine the evidence and or arguments

    Words: 963 - Pages: 4

  • Functionalist Views on Society

    Functionalist views are based on that society is a system of interdependent parts held together by a shared culture or consensus. They believe that every part of society performs functions that help keep society running effectively. They use the example of a body to explain the way society runs as each part of our body has to work together in order for us to stay alive this is the same as society according to a functionalist.   Education according to Emilie Durkheim (1903) consists of two main

    Words: 481 - Pages: 2

  • Assess Sociological Views of the Functions of the Family Both for the Individual and for Society

    Murdock, a functionalist believes that the family structure is like a sub system to society. He says that the family performs four essential functions to meet the needs of society and it's members. These functions are: successful socialisation of the young into society's shared norms and values, the members of the families economic needs are met regularly e.g food and shelter, stable satisfaction of the sex drive with the same partner and finally the reproduction of the next generation without which

    Words: 1038 - Pages: 5

  • Assess the View That Sociological Arguments and Evidence Support Functionalist Views of the Role and Functions of Religion in Contemporary Society.

    Assess the view that sociological arguments and evidence support functionalist views of the role and functions of religion in contemporary society. Functionalists see society as based upon consensus, where each institution functions to help society work together as a whole with shared ways of thinking and behaving. One example of this is the Ten Commandments which include a number of the principles highlighted in the U.K law system. As a result of this, functionalists such as Durkheim and Parsons

    Words: 1647 - Pages: 7

  • Functionalist View of the Family

    Assess the usefulness of the functionalist view for an understanding of the family today? Functionalism is a structural theory. In functionalism, social institutes like families are the key parts of the structure/system. These institutions are seen as working in an integrated way that keeps society in a state of consensus. Functionalists stress the positive role of a family for society and its members. They argue that the families’ role is universal and functional. A famous functionalist, called

    Words: 1317 - Pages: 6

  • Assess the View That Secularisation Has Only Been a Part of Western European Societies

    Assess the view that secularisation has been a feature only in modern European societies-33 marks The idea of secularisation implies that there has been disenchantment in social life, that sacred ideas are no longer of any relevance to people and practical matters are emptied of any spiritual significance. Secularisation according to Wilson is the process whereby ‘religious thinking, practice and institutions social significance,’ that people are more interested in leisurely pursuits and that society

    Words: 2142 - Pages: 9

  • Outline and Evaluate the Functionalist View of the Role of the Family in Society (33 Marks).

    Outline and evaluate the functionalist view of the role of the family in society (33 marks). Murdock, a functionalist, describes the family as a universal institution based on the nuclear family model. The functionalist view of the role of the family in society is that it maintains social order. The family is a tool for socialisation and a key social institution in sustaining the value that society works by consensus. Murdock identified four main functions of the family: sexual, reproductive

    Words: 587 - Pages: 3

  • Assess the Functionalist View of the Role of Education

    Introduction Assess the role of education form the functionalist perspective Functionalists believe that education performs very important roles for individuals, the economy and the wider social structure. It provides secondary socialisation, passing on shared culture enables individuals to develop their potential and regulates their behaviour. Functionalists argue that education has three broad; socialisation where education helps to maintain society by socialising young people in to key cultural

    Words: 1367 - Pages: 6

  • Assess the View That Religion Is Not in Decline but Simply Changing as a Result of Changes in Wider Society (33 Marks)

    Assess the view that religion is not in decline but simply changing as a result of changes in wider society (33 marks) Secularisation theorists argue that religion is in decline. However, others have argued that religion is not in decline, but it is in fact changing. They believe it is changing in accordance to the changes within society such as greater individualism, consumerism and privatisation, all which present a shift towards postmodern societies. Grace Davie argues that religion isn’t declining

    Words: 1407 - Pages: 6

  • Assess the View That the Main Function of Religious Is to Promote Social Atability

    ------------------------------------------------- Top of Form Assess the View That the Main Function of Religion Is to Promote Social Stability – (33 Marks) The main sociologists that support the view that the main functions of religious beliefs is to promote social stability are functionalists. They believe that religion performs functions and helps society, this is because society’s most basic need is the need for social order and solidarity so that its members can cooperate and to do this

    Words: 1758 - Pages: 8

  • Functionalist View of Society - Adv & Disadv

    Sociology Homework; Assess the strengths and weaknesses of the functionalist view of society. Functionalism is seen as a macro scale approach to society as it doesn’t focus on individual aspects of it but looks at it as a whole. They associate society with a biological organism and Parsons identifies 3 similarities between these two. The first is the system organisms, both society and biological organisms are self-regulating but have parts which are all inter-related to help function as a whole (in

    Words: 1010 - Pages: 5

  • Assess the Functionalist Views of the Roles of the Family (24 Marks)

    Assess the functionalist views of the roles of the family (24 marks) Functionalists believe that society is based on value consensus; a set of shared norms and values. The value consensus helps to socialise member of society to create social order, by allowing the members to work with each other and meet the needs of society. The functionalist definition of a family is a group consisting of two parents and their children living together as one unit; the roles of the family are simply what the

    Words: 719 - Pages: 3

  • Assess the Arguments and Evidence for the View That Britain Is Becoming a Secular Society

    Assess the arguments and evidence for the view that Britain is becoming a secular society Sociologists argue that in Britain, there has been an overall steady decline in the importance of religion since the 19th century, which has led some sociologists to suggest there was a ‘golden age’ of religiosity. Many sociologists have proposed explanations for the secularisation thesis, for example Weber, Berger and Bruce. However Postmodernists criticise the secularisation theory as they believe that religion

    Words: 983 - Pages: 4

  • Evaluate the View That Religion Is an Important Source of Moral Values in Contemporary Societies.

    there has been a great differ in the views of society and how people see religion and how important and influential it is to our moral values in contemporary societies today. This essay will look at why various different theory ideologies and their ideas about religion, and how it influences us day to day in our lives. The definition of a religion can vary depending on who you ask. The simplest definition of a religion is that for a religion to become a religion, there must be a belief of the supernatural

    Words: 1069 - Pages: 5

  • Assess the of Functionalist Theories in Understanding Religion Today

    Assess the of Functionalist theories in understanding religion today Functionalists have put forward their perspective on religion and how it benefits both society and the individual starting with how religion brings people together harmoniously, creating social cohesion and a sense of belonging as people believe in the same thing and all abide by the same rules. Religion creates and maintains a value consensus whilst giving society social order. By confirming to religious beliefs this allows us

    Words: 1202 - Pages: 5

  • Assess the Marxist View of the Role of

    AS Sociology Sample 20 mark question Assess the Marxist view of the role of education (20 marks) Marxists view society as based on conflict. They believe that the role of all institutions in society can be understood in terms of how they relate to the economic system. They therefore see the education system as an institution which reproduces the class system and provides the economy with a suitable workforce. The labour force needs professional and managerial workers, as well as skilled

    Words: 563 - Pages: 3

  • Assess Marxist View of Society

    Asses the Marxist View of Society Marxists believe that the ideas that people hold are formed by their position in society, and ideology is therefore seen very clearly as the ideas of particular social groups reflecting their interests. The Marxist view is most associated with the view that there is a dominant ideology in society. This is a set of ideas and beliefs held by the most powerful groups and, in particular, of the ruling class in society. Mannheim (1985 1936) generally associated the

    Words: 517 - Pages: 3

  • Assess Feminist Views on Religion

    Assess feminist views on the role and function of religion (33 marks) Feminists regard religion as a main component in the perpetuation of patriarchy in contemporary society, it perpetuates oppressive gender roles, marginalises women and ensures male domination is retained. In terms of the structure of religious organisations, feminists point to the fact that they are male dominated, even though women often make up more of the attendees, often men will occupy the more central and sacred positions

    Words: 902 - Pages: 4

  • Assess the Functionalist View of Education

    Assess the functionalist view of education (20 marks) In this essay, one will be testing out the functionalist view of education. Functionalism is a macro, consensus theory that has the idea that society is functioning well and efficiently. Functionalists believe education provides universalistic norms i.e they see it promotes the norms and values of wider society. One would suggest that Functionalists are bit naive in their view of the education system, as it could be argued that education doesn't

    Words: 1034 - Pages: 5

  • Examine the View That Religion Has Positive Functions for Society

    Examine the view that religion has positive functions for society (18 marks) Functionalists demonstrate a positive view of religion, they see religion as a fundamental factor in the maintaining of consensual values. Without religion, Functionalists believe that society would break down. Durkheim suggests that religion is not a belief in Gods, spirits or supernatural but rather a factor that separates the sacred and the profane. Sacred things are believed to hold value and are treated with

    Words: 612 - Pages: 3

  • The Functionalist View on the Role of Education

    * Assess functionalist views of the role of education (20 marks) There are multiple views in society of the education system. The first view is functionalist – they believe that the education system is positive. The second view is Marxism – they believe that education in negative. The final perspective is feminism and they believe that again education is a negative thing. Functionalists such as Durkheim believe that the education system is positive because it gives us a shared sense of belonging

    Words: 1302 - Pages: 6

  • Assess the View That Religion Is a Force for Social Change.

    Assess the view that religion is a force for social change. (18 marks) Sociologist take different views on the role of religion on society. Functionalist sociologist such as Parsons argue that religion serves to help its members by providing answers and comforting them through challenging period in their life. Whereas Marxist and feminist believe that religion acts as a conservative force for society, in order to prevent social change. Weber argues that religion can be a force of social change

    Words: 678 - Pages: 3

  • Assess the Marxist Views of the Roles of the Family

    Marxism is a macro theory based on the key concept of social classes; its main theorist is Karl Marx. The main Marxist views are that the class system is important, meaning that the lower classes work for the upper class; they also view that males are more dominant and are depended upon by women within society. These are all factors that contribute to serving the interests of capitalism. Marxists see all social institutions as serving the interests of capitalism - this includes the family, and

    Words: 692 - Pages: 3

  • Assess the View That, in Today’s Society, the Family Is Losing Its Functions (24 Marks)

    ‘Assess’ Essay Planning Sheet Name: Essay Title: Assess the view that, in today’s society, the family is losing its functions (24 marks) | Underline or highlight the key concepts, terms and instructions, by identifying these key elements it will allow you to focus on answering the question. It is important to use relevant sociological terminology within the context of you essay. List the key sociological terms that will be appropriate

    Words: 1064 - Pages: 5

  • ‘Religious Practise Varies from Place to Place and Time to Time, but the Need for Religion Remains Constant.’ to What Extent Do Sociological Arguments and Evidence Support This View?

    Secularisation is the idea that religion is going into decline – the process of becoming less religious in terms of sacred, faith and belief. Some sociologists believe that secularisation is occurring in one form or another and their aim is to explore and explain the process of secularisation, others are uncertain as to whether secularisation is happening, and the rest see a transformation to a different type of religious practise happening, like an evolution of religion, rather than a decline in it

    Words: 1918 - Pages: 8

  • The Sociological View on Femist

    * Functionalist views: the importance of the nuclear family, the universality of the family, changing functions, how the nuclear family ‘fits’ modern society. * Marxist views: the family as part of the ideological state apparatus, as an agent of social control. * Feminist views: patriarchy; liberal, radical and Marxist feminism. Consensus/Positive views of the family  | Conflict/critical views of the family | * Functionalist theories: the family performs positive functions for individuals

    Words: 16472 - Pages: 66

  • Assess the View That Women Are No Longer Oppressed by Religion

    Assess the view that women are no longer oppressed by religion (18 marks) The view that women are no longer oppressed by religion is prevalent in society today, however there is a lot of evidence to suggest that this is not the case and that women are still very much being oppressed by some aspects of religion. Feminists would argue that religion is a patriarchal institute, and in religion, there has never been equality for women. Firstly, historically, wherever nature is conceptualised, the role

    Words: 1351 - Pages: 6

  • Assess the View That Religion Inevitably Acts as a Conservative Force in Society

    Religion is often seen as conservative in the sense of being ‘traditional’, defending traditional customs, institutions, moral views and roles. Religion upholds traditional beliefs about how society should be organised. Religion is also seen as conservative because it functions to conserve or preserve things as they are. It stabilises society and maintains the status quo. The view of religion is held by functionalists, Marxists, and feminists. Although each of these perspectives see the role

    Words: 421 - Pages: 2

  • Assess the Functionalist View That Religion Benefits Society as a Whole and as Its Individual Members

    Assess the Functionalist view that religion benefits both society as a whole and its individual members? (18) Functionalists see religion in a positive light and as it is a key institution of society. This differs from the Marxist and Feminist view that religion is there to simply reinforce the oppression. For functionalists, society’s key need is for social solidarity and order enabling members to cooperate. Religion ensures that this is maintained, and individuals do not pursue their own selfish

    Words: 865 - Pages: 4

  • “Underdevelopment Is Primarily a Consequence of Cultural Rather Than Economic Factors”. to What Extent Do Sociological Evidence and Arguments Supports This View of Underdevelopment in the World Today?

    Modernisation theory is a functionalist view thats says of a country to be seen as modern it has to undergo an evolutionary advance in science and technology which in turn would lead to an increased standard of living for all. Parsons, 1979, stresses the need for cultural change in the LEDC’s as he believes that culture acts as a barrier. He saw modernity as being associated with societies that have their base in individuality and achievement as opposed to traditional societies which have their base

    Words: 1103 - Pages: 5

  • Assess the View That the Family Has Lost Its Functions

    Assess the view that the family has lost its functions Functionalism is the theory that all parts of a society serve a function which contributes to the survival of the society. Many sociologists argue that modern day nuclear families are becoming less common. Instead of just a couple and their independent children, extended, reconstituted and lone parent families are becoming increasingly more common. Leading, to the loss of traditional family functions in today’s society. Different sociologists

    Words: 962 - Pages: 4

  • Assess the Feminist Views on the Role of Religion in Society Today

    Assess the feminist views on the role of religion in society today (18 marks: AO1: 6, AO2: 12) This question is asking you to examine the strengths/limitations of feminism in comparison to other social theories. You will need to critically analyse and evaluate the following claims in your essay. * Feminist theorists argue that religion is a: Instrument of domination A product of patriarchy Serves the interest of men * Women are always unequal to men in terms of: Institutions

    Words: 1559 - Pages: 7

  • ‘Sociology Cannot and Should Not Be a Science.’ to What Extent Do Sociological Arguments and Evidence Support This View? (33marks)

    Sociology cannot and should not be a science.’ To what extent do sociological arguments and evidence support this view? (33marks) There are disagreements between sociologists as to whether sociology is considered to be a science. Some suggest that there is no way that sociology could be a science. For example, Popper believes that sociology is not a science, as inductive reasoning doesn’t create science. Therefore Popper he proposed that scientific research methods should be based on the principle

    Words: 790 - Pages: 4

  • Assess the Functionalist View That Religion Benefits Both Society as a Whole and Its Individual Members (18 Marks)

    Functionalists believe that religion is beneficial for both society as a whole and its individual members, this is because it unifies society and creates consensus, which in turn gives each individual member a source of support when they need it. However some theorists disagree with the functionalist ideology. Firstly, functionalist claim religion benefits society in a number of ways, it creates a sense of social solidarity, meaning a shared sense of identity, history, norms and values (a collective

    Words: 847 - Pages: 4

  • Different Social Groups Have Different Social and Spiritual Needs and Use Religion and Religious Organizations in Very Different Ways to What Extent Do Sociological Arguments and Evidence Support This View?

    SOCIAL AND SPIRITUAL NEEDS AND USE RELIGION AND RELIGIOUS ORGANIZATIONS IN VERY DIFFERENT WAYS TO WHAT EXTENT DO SOCIOLOGICAL ARGUMENTS AND EVIDENCE SUPPORT THIS VIEW? There are many different social groups within society and many different reasons why one would join a religion and follow a certain belief. Religiosity is related to age, gender, and social acts. Religion take help many people solve underlying problems where people are experiencing anomie. Religion can be defined in many different

    Words: 1156 - Pages: 5

  • Evaluate Feminist Views on the Role of Religion in Society Today

    Evaluate Feminist views on the role of religion in society today The feminist school of thought is not just an ideology nor paradigm that can be accepted; but has been (and may always will be) a growing political movement for the equality of women, fair treatment of females all over the globe and annihilation of the oppression of patriarchy and misogyny. Feminist pioneers include Oakley and Woodhead who are usually the face of modern feminist ideology. There are many different types of feminists

    Words: 1086 - Pages: 5

  • ‘Religion Today Is More About Believing Than Belonging’. to What Extent Do Sociological Arguments and Evidence Support This View of the Relationship Between Religious Beliefs, Religious Organisations and Social Groups in Society Today?

    Davie to describe the fact religion is becoming more privatised, as people have more choice in religious practices that they felt obligated to follow in the past. Many sociologists, such as Davie, argue that religion is not declining; it is just taking an alternate form – such as believing without belonging. Spiritual shopping, a term used by Hervieu-Leger, and ‘Jesus in Disneyland’ are two other ways in which religion is taking on a different relationship within society today. However, other theorists

    Words: 1368 - Pages: 6

  • Evaluate Feminist Views on the Role of Religion in Society Today. (33 Marks)

    Evaluate feminist views on the role of religion in society today. (33 marks) Feminists argue that in religion there is evidence of an oppression against women. Feminists highlight four main ways in which religion oppresses and subordinates’ women, these are: Sacred texts (feature predominantly male gods and profits as well as being written and interpreted by men. Women in sacred texts are presented in a negative light.); Places of worship (There are often rules preventing women from participating

    Words: 1382 - Pages: 6

  • Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere, Assess Functionalist Views of the Role of Education in Modern Society (20 Marks)

    elsewhere, assess functionalist views of the role of education in modern society (20 marks) The consensus functionalist approach is just one of many that attempt to explain the role of education in modern society. Functionalism is based on the view that society is a system of interdependent parts held together by a shared culture or value consensus. Each part of society such as the family, economy and education system performs functions that help to maintain society. Functionalists such as Durkheim

    Words: 1181 - Pages: 5

  • Assess the Marxist View of the Role of Education (20 Marks)

    Assess the Marxist view of the role of education (20 marks) Marxists view society as based on conflict. They believe that the role of all institutions in society can be understood in terms of how they relate to the economic system. They therefore see the education system as an institution which reproduces the class system and provides the economy with a suitable workforce. The labour force needs professional and managerial workers, as well as skilled and unskilled manual workers. According

    Words: 557 - Pages: 3

+
-