• Cardiovascular Diseases

    Atherosclerosis and its effects on the structure and function of blood vessels Atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) is a condition commonly linked with poor diet. Atherosclerosis takes effect when fatty deposits and cholesterol begin to build up in the arterial walls and as a result begin to narrow the passage of blood flow through the artery. When plaque begins to build up in substantial amounts it can result in the complete blockage of the artery/arteries which can be detrimental to health

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  • Pdhpe-Cvd

    failure and peripheral vascular disease. Atherosclerosis is the underlying cause of most of these conditions. This is the build-up of fatty and/or fibrous material on the interior walls of arteries. This build-up hinders the flow of blood to the body’s tissues and also acts to increase blood pressure. Often, the build-up occurs in patches known as atheroma (thickened area of fatty and fibrous deposits on the inside surface of arteries, resulting in atherosclerosis) or plaque, and is characterized by presence

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  • Atherosclerosis

    Atherosclerosis is a disease in which plaque builds up inside arteries, limiting or stopping the flow of blood to the organs tissues. The purpose of this paper is to relate the underlining cellular events of atherosclerosis to its pathology and treatment. In this paper I will discuss the causes that influence the events and advancement of atherosclerosis. I will review the risk factors, pathogenesis, signs & symptoms, dietary implications and drug treatments. Atherosclerosis Atherosclerosis

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  • Cardiovascular Disease

    failure, atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease, and cardiac arrhythmias. Other forms of cardiovascular disease include congenital heart defects, cardiomyopathy, infections of the heart, coronary artery disease, heart valve disorders, myocarditis, and pericarditis. Symptoms of cardiovascular disease vary depending on the specific type of cardiovascular disease. A classic symptom of cardiovascular disease is chest pain. However, with some forms of cardiovascular disease, such as atherosclerosis, there

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  • Heart Disease Behavioral Risk Factors

    heart disease behavioral risk factors Tobacco Use Tobacco use increases the risk of heart disease and heart attack. Cigarette smoking promotes atherosclerosis and increases the levels of blood clotting factors, such as fibrinogen. Also, nicotine raises blood pressure, and carbon monoxide reduces the amount of oxygen that blood can carry. Exposure to other people’s smoke can increase the risk of heart disease even for nonsmokers. Diet Several aspects of people’s dietary patterns have been

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  • Myocardial Infarction

    pain when playing golf recently. Generalized atherosclerosis is suspected. 1. List the high-risk factors for atherosclerosis in this patient’s history. The high-risk factors for the atherosclerosis in the patient’s history include smoking, obesity, and a diet high in cholesterol and animal fat. Other factors include past history of heart disease and heart attack 2. Describe how atherosclerosis caused myocardial infarction. Atherosclerosis caused myocardial infarction by causing a build

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  • Cardiovascular Disease

    heart or blood vessels by atherosclerosis a buildup of fatty plaques in your arteries. This is a disease that affects your arteries. Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients from your heart to the rest of your body. Healthy arteries are flexible and strong. Overtime too much pressure in your arteries can make the walls thick and stiff, sometimes restricting blood flow to your organs and tissues. This process is called hardening of the arteries. Atherosclerosis is the most common form

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  • Cardiovascular Disease

    syndrome or a myocardial infarction this year. Of these, about 310,000 will die before reaching the hospital or in an emergency department (AHA, 2007). Atherosclerosis is the major cause of CHD. Cardiovascular disease conditions can be avoided with the proper education on causes, symptoms, treatment and management. Atherosclerosis Atherosclerosis is the major cause of CHD in reference to a plaque upsurge of cholesterol that limits or blocks a blood vessel making it strenuous for blood to pass through

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  • Risk Factors for Coronary Diseases

    Coronary Artery Disease * also called coronary heart disease * disease that affect coronary arteries * result of atherosclerosis-  plaque buildup in the coronary arteries *  leads to blockages in the coronary arteries * heart becomes starved of oxygen and the vital nutrients  * this leads to ischemia- restriction in blood supply to tissues, causing a shortage of oxygen and glucose needed for cellular metabolism  * is the No. 1 killer in America * affecting more than

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  • Atherosclerosis

    CURRENT DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF ATHEROSCLEROSIS 1 Current Diagnosis and Treatment of Atherosclerosis Basher I. Emtebakh Wright State University Laboratory Research 2, Spring 2013 CURRENT DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF ATHEROSCLEROSIS 2 Abstract Atherosclerosis is a complex inflammatory process that affects the arterial wall. People of different ages are susceptible to developing the disease. It is considered the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. Epithelial

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  • Comprehensive Case Study

    artery disease (CAD). This is when the major blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to the heart become blocked, and it is caused by atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is the deposit and hardening of fatty material on the damaged vessel walls. This causes the narrowing of the arteries, and the heart receives less blood, oxygen, and nutrients. Atherosclerosis can lead to angina, arrhythmias, shortness of breath, fatigue, frequent dyspepsia, dypsnea on exertion, a myocardial infarction, and heart

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  • Understand Your Fats and Fibers

    their heart. Trans-fatty acids can be harmful and extremely toxic to the liver because of the hydrogenated oils it is found in. they can also cause inflammation. Trans-fat enters the blood stream and can become hard and stiff; this can lead to atherosclerosis. Fiber, which is found in foods such as nuts, grains and beans, is an important part of a person’s diet for a few reasons. Not only does it help to make the person feel fuller, it also aids with the digestion process and prevents constipation

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  • Outline

    susceptible to atherosclerosis. Heart attacks are more common in smokers than in nonsmokers. Poor diet: A diet that's high in fat, salt and cholesterol can contribute to the development of heart disease. High blood pressure: Uncontrolled high blood pressure can result in hardening and thickening of your arteries, narrowing the vessels through which blood flows. High blood cholesterol levels: High levels of cholesterol in your blood can increase the risk of formation of plaques and atherosclerosis. Plaques

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  • Nutrition and Fitness

    risks to individuals whose Body Mass Index (BMI) exceeds the normal limits. Obese individuals are at risk of developing • Cardiovascular disease • Atherosclerosis • Hypertension • Diabetes (Lazarou & Kouta, 2010). Research shows a strong correlation between heart disease and overweight individuals (Lazarou & Kouta, 2010). Atherosclerosis characterized by fat deposits in artery walls is more prevalent in obese individuals (Neighbors & Tannehill-Jones, 2006). Another significant associated

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  • Aortic Aneurysm

    Aortic Aneurysm: This is caused by having a weakened area in the wall of the aorta (the largest artery in the body) resulting in an abnormal widening or ballooning greater than 50 percent of the normal width of the artery. 1.) Atherosclerosis: Build-up of plaque (deposit of fatty substances, cholesterol, cellular waste products, calcium, and fibrin) in the inner lining of an artery 2.) Age/Stress 3.) Genetic Factors 4.) Hyperlipidemia: Elevated fat levels in the blood 5.) Hypertension: Elevated

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  • Fffffd

    a blood clot (thrombosis) or the build-up of fatty deposits inside an artery leading to the artery hardening and narrowing (atherosclerosis).The four main types of Cardio vascular disease include * Coronary heart disease – This is when your conary arteries become narrowed by a gradual build-up of fatty material within their walls.The condition is called atherosclerosis and the fatty material is called atheroma.In time your arteries may become so narrow that they cannot deliver enough oxygen

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  • Cardiovascular Disease Information

    artery disease, arrhythmias, and congenital heart defects. “The most common cause of heart disease is narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries, the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart itself.” ( Medline Plus) Atherosclerosis and hypertension are two common causes of cardiovascular disease. Arthrosclerosis is when an artery wall thickens due to an accumulation of fatty materials. Hypertension is when you have high blood pressure. Some risk factors for cardiovascular

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  • Supersize Me

    blood flow to your organs and tissues. This process is called hardening of the arteries (arteriosclerosis). Atherosclerosis is the most common form of this disorder. Atherosclerosis is also the most common cause of cardiovascular disease, and it's often caused by an unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, being overweight and smoking. All of these are major risk factors for developing atherosclerosis and, in turn, cardiovascular disease. If one continues to eat McDonalds, like the guy in supersize me then

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  • Homocysteine and the Cardiovascular System

    Chauhan, 2011). Homocysteine is an amino acid found in the body that helps to build and maintain tissue. High levels of homocysteine have been linked to endothelial damage to the blood vessels. This damage can lead to plaque formation, thus atherosclerosis can ensue (American Heart Association, 2012). Although there are many causes of hyperhomocysteinemia, research has shown that nutritional replacement has helped to lower the level. Folic acid and B vitamins have shown to decrease homocysteine

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  • Atherosclerosis

    ATHEROSCLEROSIS Atherosclerosis Iris Dick-Bacon University of Phoenix HCS 330 January 26, 2009 One of the foremost leaders of mortality in the US is coronary artery disease (CAD). Atherosclerosis is an abnormal thickening and hardening of the arterial walls caused by fat and fibrin deposits. It is a form of arteriosclerosis, which is the actual thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity of arterial walls. It affects primarily the coronary arteries (arteries that carry blood to

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  • Athersclerosis Term Paper

    Atherosclerosis is when arteries become blocked by cholesterol. High cholesterol is a factor of atherosclerosis. Over time cholesterol deposits build up in arteries and may cause a blockage of blood flow. Two predisposing factors for atherosclerosis are unhealthy eating and lifestyle. Unhealthy eating can bring on excess cholesterol in the body making the condition worse. a healthy lifestyle can help to remove cholesterol from the veins and arteries while an unhealthy lifestyle will create and optimal

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  • Health Risks of Obesity

    heart disease is a condition in which plaque builds up inside the coronary arteries, also know as atherosclerosis (Fig 1). Doctors usually explain atherosclerosis as “hardening of the arteries,” but it is actually much more complex. Thanks to the ancient Greeks, the name itself conveys some of that complexity: athere is Greek for “porridge,” while sclerosis means “hardening.” In fact, atherosclerosis begins with deposits of soft, fatty material; only later does this mush build up in plaques that narrow

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  • Egg Yolk Consumption

    years to determine the effects of egg yolk on carotid plaque area. The result of the study showed carotid atherosclerotic plaque area increased linearly after the age of 40. Compared to age alone, smoking and egg yolk consumption accelerate atherosclerosis exponentially. For people who consumed 2 or fewer eggs per week, the total plaque area was 125 ± 129.62 mm2, whereas people who consumed 3 or more eggs per week had a total plaque area of 132.26 ± 142.48 mm2 (Spence, Jenkins & Davignon, 2012

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  • Sleep

    associated with a higher risk of carotid atherosclerosis, which is the accumulation of plaque in arteries that supply blood to the brain. The researchers brought in 110 participants, including people who snored and others who didn't. The participants underwent a sleep study, in which their snoring and breathing patterns were measured while they slept. They also underwent ultrasound assessment of their carotid arteries to measure atherosclerosis. People who snored more often were much

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  • Math

    withvitamins,proteins, anti-oxidants and essential nutrients that promote overall good health and well-being.It is placed in Spinachcontains choline and inositol, the substances that help to prevent atherosclerosis orthickening and hardening of arteries. Spinach and alfalfa help stabilizeblood sugaramongdiabetics. Make a drink by getting several handful of spinach, add 3 cups of water. Placeover low heat for one hour. Then strain. Take ½ cup twice a day

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  • Essay1

    use of oxygen the aerobe portion of the Haemophilus influenza. 2) The bacterial enzyme streptokinase is used to digest fibrin (blood clots) in patients with atherosclerosis. Why doesn't injection of streptokinase cause a streptococcal infection? How do we know the streptokinase will digest fibrin only and not other tissues? Atherosclerosis is hardening of the arteries that slows down the blood. Streptokinase is used to dissolve blood clot after a heart attack, in the lungs and leg. Streptokinase

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  • Jacksons

    Overall, it was striking how much atherosclerosis we found," Dr. Gregory S. Thomas, director of nuclear cardiology education at the University of California, Irvine, and co-principal investigator of the study, said in a news release from the European Society of Cardiology. "We think of atherosclerosis as a disease of modern lifestyle, but it's clear that it also existed 3,500 years ago," he said. "Our findings certainly call into question the perception of atherosclerosis as a modern disease." The

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  • Cardiovascular Risks

    Cardiovascular disease also called heart disease includes numerous problems, many of which are related to a process called atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a condition that develops when a substance called plaque builds up in the walls of the arteries. This buildup narrows the arteries, making it harder for blood to flow through. If a blood clot forms, it can stop the blood flow. This can cause a heart attack or stroke (“What is Cardiovascular Disease (Heart Disease)?”). The purpose of this

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  • Marley

    down, releasing fatty acids as an energy source LDL is Lethal -Blood vessel injury, inflammation and LDL oxidization generates plaques blood vessel walls in atherosclerosis -Atherosclerosis can narrow blood vessels and limit blood flow to tissues so that fewer nutrients and oxygen molecules are delivered -Atherosclerosis Plaques can break through the blood vessel walls and stimulate clot formation to completely block blood flow -In the heart, this causes heart attacks, in the brain

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  • Med Surge 2 Study

    C-reactive protein, diabetes (occurs much earlier), uncontrolled hypertension, increases with age, African Americans, 2 times higher in Mexican/Hispanic American women then white women -PAD is a marker for advanced systemic artherosclerosis** -atherosclerosis is the leading cause** -these patients are more likely to suffer from CAD and cerebral artery disease -artherosclerosis= migration and replication of smooth muscle cell, deposition of connective tissue, lymphocyte and macrophage infiltration

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  • Analysis

    An Analysis and Insight into the Condition of Atherosclerosis Written by Ali MacLennan Student ID: 4566295 Course BIOL2P97 – Brock University Submitted November 24th, 2014 Atherosclerosis also known as hardening of the arteries is a human disease in which plaque builds up inside the arteries which can lead to several problems throughout one’s physiology. In order to understand the condition of atherosclerosis an investigation into the makeup of an artery is necessary

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  • Progeria

    the LMNA gene.  Effects include abnormally projecting eyes and other growth defects  Treatments include FTI’s that inhibit the progerin from reaching nucleus, increased supplements of Gh and calcium, and medication to reduce effects of atherosclerosis Thank You Questions? Bibliography  Anonymous, 2007. New Clues for Treatment. The Pediatrics. (Retrived from:        Badame A.J. (1989): Progeria; Archives of

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  • Heart Diease

    arm and shoulder or in the chest. However sometimes there are no symptoms, which is a condition called silent angina. Once the blood supply is cut off completely the results are a heart attack. CHD is the result of a process known as atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis occurs when a person has fat like substances in the blood. This process is caused by a thickening which narrows the arteries over time by deposits of plaque. Plaque is a buildup of materials such as: * Cholesterol * Fats

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  • Adsdas

    Disturbances 1. Outline the basic coronary circulation. 2. What is atherosclerosis and what does it effect? 3. Outline the progression of atherosclerosis. 4. What are the incidence of CAD/CHD, how is it diagnosed? 5. What are the modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors for CAD/CHD? 6. What are the significant findings on the physical assessment of someone with CAD/CHD? 7. What lab values would indicate atherosclerosis? 8. How would CAD/CHD be diagnosed? 9. What nursing dx are relevant

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  • Paper

    detection testing is only possible if the genetic defect is identified. | | ATHEROSCLEROSIS | * Chest pain (angina) * Pain in the leg, arm, and anywhere else that an artery is blocked. * Shortness of breath. * Fatigue. * Confusion (if the blockage affects circulation to the brain) * Muscle weakness in the legs from lack of circulation. | Lifestyle changesMedicationBypass surgery | Medical management of atherosclerosis involves modification to risk factors like smoking cessation and diet restrictions

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  • Data to Knowledge

    program is a community cardiovascular screening program that utilizes ultrasound to screen for carotid atherosclerosis and abdominal aneurysm, in addition to peripheral arterial disease, hypertension (HTN), and self-report risk factor assessment. A clinical question of interest: How effective is a community cardiovascular screening program in identifying persons with subclinical atherosclerosis, who are at risk and not on appropriate preventative treatments such as aspirin and statins? The purpose

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  • Atherosclerosis

    Atherosclerosis Atherosclerosis is a progressive disease that not only affects the cardiovascular system, but the entire vascular system as well possibly affecting the renal system. Atherosclerosis slows the flow of blood and oxygen through an artery, because of the buildup of plaque and fat clog the vessel. Atherosclerosis comes from the Greek words, Athero means porridge like deposits and Sclerosis means hardening of tissues. So with the fatty deposits and the narrowing and hardening of the

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  • Vitamin C: Can It Help to Prevent Cardiovascular Disease?

    interventions have reported on the significant cardiovascular benefits of vitamin C. Researchers have explained that during the initial stages of atherosclerosis, monocytes (a form of white blood cells) migrate and adhere to the walls of the endothelium. This causes blood vessel walls to lose their elasticity and become narrow, causing atherosclerosis 2. Carr and Frei (1999) reported that, along with its antioxidant properties, vitamin C helps to reduce monocyte adherence to the endothelium (and

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  • Metabolic Syndrome and Cardiovascular Disease

    thrombosis or atherosclerosis can occur. This is because platelets will adhere to the damaged endothelial layer and a thrombus will be formed as a healing response to the vessel. A thrombus is a clot (made of platelets and fibrin) formed within a blood vessel. The formation of the thrombus may block the artery (as seen in the diagram) and lead to an infarction- the death of a tissue if the thrombus is occluding the blood supply, which can then, in turn lead to cardiovascular disease. Atherosclerosis can occur

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  • A Series of 3 Patients with Symptomatic Dolichoectatic Vertebrobasilar Arteries

    muscle atrophy1. It is a dilatative arteriopathy involving mainly the media of intracranial arteries, unlike atherosclerosis which primarily involves the intima and endothelia of medium-large sized arteries. Although atherosclerosis can be found upon the arterial wall of ectatic basilar arteries, neuropathologic studies show no direct association between dolichoectasia and atherosclerosis of the large arteries1.   Dolichoectatic basilar arteries is more common in males and associated with increased

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  • Cohort Follow-Up Studies: Cardiovascular Disease (Cvd)

    Causes of cardiovascular disease While cardiovascular disease can refer to many different types of heart or blood vessel problems, the term is often used to mean damage caused to your heart or blood vessels by atherosclerosis (ath-ur-o-skluh-RO-sis), a build-up of fatty plaques in your arteries. This is a disease that affects your arteries. Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients from your heart to the rest of your body. Healthy arteries are flexible and strong. Over time, however

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  • Coronary

    do woman (Dzugan, 2005). Heart disease can take many forms. Different arteries supply different areas of the heart with oxygenated blood. If one or more of these arteries became narrowed or clogged as a result of coronary artery disease, or atherosclerosis the artery cannot fully supply the part of the heart it is responsible for. The heart is an effective pump only when good blood supply is maintained to all heart muscles. Most women are not aware that heart disease is a greater risk for them than

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  • Pine Nuts Prevent Cardiovascular Disease

    from Brazil, Pakistan and Afghanistan. It is a relaxing, upscale food with high nutritional and medicinal value. Oleic acid contained in pine nuts, linoleic acid and other unsaturated fatty acids, with the role of prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis. Phosphorus contained on the brain and nervous system benefits, can make up the five internal organs, complement deficiency, white and moist skin, educational force. Long eat, prevents cholesterol and cause cardiovascular disease. Nutritional

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  • Coronary Heart Disease

    Heart Disease, chronic illness in which the coronary arteries, the vessels that supply oxygen-carrying blood to the heart, become narrowed and unable to carry a normal amount of blood. Most often, the coronary arteries become narrowed because of atherosclerosis, a process in which fatty deposits called plaque build up on the inside wall of an artery (see Arteriosclerosis). Plaque is made of oily molecules known as cholesterol, fibrous proteins, calcium deposits, tiny blood cells known as platelets, and

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  • Cardiovascular Disease

    include the following; • Aneurysm • Angina • Atherosclerosis • Cerebrovascular disease • Congestive Heart Failure • Coronary Artery Disease • Myocardial infarction (Heart Attack) • Peripheral vascular disease Atherosclerosis is a condition in which fatty material collects along the walls of arteries. This fatty material thickens, hardens (forms calcium deposits), and may eventually block the arteries. Atherosclerosis is a type of arteriosclerosis. The two terms are often

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  • Causes of Cardiovascular Disease

    Causes of cardiovascular disease While cardiovascular disease can refer to many different types of heart or blood vessel problems, the term is often used to mean damage caused to your heart or blood vessels by atherosclerosis (ath-ur-o-skluh-RO-sis), a buildup of fatty plaques in your arteries. This is a disease that affects your arteries. Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients from your heart to the rest of your body. Healthy arteries are flexible and strong. Over time, however

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  • Heart Disease

    circulation to the heart, 2. HEART ATTACK, in which there is death of part of the heart muscle, and 3. ARRHYTHMIA, in which the rate or rhythm of the heart-beat is abnormal. 4. ATHEROSCLEROSIS, in which the arteries harden. It is a build up of cholesterol and other fat substances within the walls of the arteries. Atherosclerosis is a progressive disease and can develop in any artery in the body. It is a common disorder of the arteries 5. RHEUMATIC, this was formerly one of the most serious forms of

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  • Causes of Cardiovascular Disease

    Causes of cardiovascular disease While cardiovascular disease can refer to many different types of heart or blood vessel problems, the term is often used to mean damage caused to your heart or blood vessels by atherosclerosis (ath-ur-o-skluh-RO-sis), a buildup of fatty plaques in your arteries. This is a disease that affects your arteries. Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients from your heart to the rest of your body. Healthy arteries are flexible and strong. Over time, however

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  • Cardiovascular Disease

    Information Marissa Leigh Estes HCA 240 Friday, May 18, 2012 Lisa Stewart Cardiovascular Disease Information The most common cause of Cardiovascular Disease is called Atherosclerosis or “hardening of the arteries”. Atherosclerosis occurs when plaque builds up in your arteries and slows or stops the flow of blood to your heart. Atherosclerosis is most often caused by unhealthy eating habits, poor or no exercise, being overweight and smoking. Some other causes of heart disease are high blood pressure,

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  • Progeria Informative Speech

    prominent eyes and a subtle blueness around the mouth. In addition, by the second year of life, alopecia develops, and the scalp hair may be replaced by small, downy, white or blond hairs. Additional characteristic features include generalized atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease and stroke, hip dislocations, unusually bulging veins of the scalp, loss of the layer of fat beneath the skin, defects of the nails, joint stiffness, skeletal defects, and/or other abnormalities. According to Steve Roach

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