• Language Movement

    English without overturning laws or rules on bilingualism. The proposal declares that no one has "a right, entitlement or claim to have the government of the United States or any of its officials or representatives act, communicate, perform or provide services or provide materials in any language other than English" (2006). Politics of Bilingualism in Education In an article from Social Justice, James Crawford describes the politics of bilingualism in education by offering a detailed history

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  • Outline the Negative and Positive Effects of Bilingualism and Explain Why Bilinguals Have an Executive Function Advantage over Monolinguals.

    Social cognition affects how we perceive and interpret information about the intrapersonal and the interpersonal world, ourselves and the others around us (Fiske 1995) There are many different strategies we use to make sense of our social world including Categorisation, Counterfactual thinking, Heuristics, Impression formation, Schemas and Thought suppression. Posner & Snyder (1975) separated these into two categories - 'unintentional' and 'intentional', also known as 'automatic' and 'controlled'

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  • Children and Bilingualism

    Sciences Topic: “Children and Bilingualism” EN221 – 1M - Language in Culture Submitted by: Virgino, Clarisse Yvette P. Submitted to: Dr. Deborah Javier I. Introduction What is a Bilingual? A Bilingual person is someone who can speak or write in more than one language. A person who can speak/write in more than two languages is considered to be a multilingual. Bilingualism and multilingualism isn’t unusual. In fact, it’s

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  • Code Mixing and Code Swicthing in Learnin Activities

    more than one language. When the speaker who has one language and can speak other language, he may be consider as bilingualism or multilingualism depend on how many he mastering the language. It means that a person is bilingual because he can speak in two language, and multilingualism in the person who can speak in more than two languages. In the communication case people who is bilingualism or multilingualism some time they switch the code of language that they use in communication when the other speaker

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  • Language Movement

    Movement The official language movement is a very important Hispanic American cultural interest. Bilingualism in education and politics is a significant issue in the United States. There have been many federal policies that have become very restrictive in allowing local authorities to decide if English should be the only language used in educational methods and within political parties. Bilingualism in education has and always will be a controversial topic. Language barriers are often a huge problem

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  • Bilingual

    The Philippine Bilingual Education Policy (BEP)        Consistent with the 1987 constitutional mandate and a declared policy of the National Board of Education (NBE) on bilingualism in the schools (NBE Resolution No. 73-7, s.1973) the Department of Education, Culture and Sports (DECS) promulgated its language policy.        The policy was first implemented in 1974 when DECS issued Dept. Order No. 25, s. 1974 titled, "Implementing Guidelines for the Policy on Bilingual Education."        Bilingual

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  • Benfits of Bilingualism

    Los beneficios de educación bilingüe Sami Harris University of Illinois Hay una niña guatemalteca. Acaba de llegar a los estados unidos y está en el quinto grado. Ella es muy lista—cuando está aprendiendo en el español, pero aquí en los estados unidos no hay muchos programas de educación bilingüe excepto de en lugares con mucho gente que no habla inglés. A su escuela ahora está en un tipo de programa bilingüe. La maestra ensena a los estudiantes en inglés y si tiene problemas de comprensión

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  • Bilingual Education Friend or Foe?

    explores both the history of bilingual education as well as it’s implications for American Society. We will define the difference between bilingual education and bilingualism. It takes a formative look at the Bilingual Education Act to see our roots in bilingual education. We will examine both the advantages and disadvantages of bilingualism and it’s effect on the brain. Also, we will attempt to shed some needed light on just why this is such a hot political topic. Why do Americans still seem unwilling

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  • Bilingualism Is a Failure in Canada

    The Failure of Bilingualism in Canada Bilingualism can be defined as "the ability to speak two languages, the frequent use (as by a community) of two languages or the political or institutional recognition of two languages" (merriam-webster dictonary). In Canada, the recognition of two languages, namely English and French, came in 1969 under the Official Languages Act, which was later revised in 1988. While the federal and provincial governments’ attempts to provide support for English and French

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  • Faultline Between English and French

    French-speaking Métis, on the other hand, the Anglophones saw the rebellion as a threat to Canada's sovereignty and Riel a traitor. The Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism in 1963 introduced by the government of Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson, its goal was to inquire into and report upon the existing state of bilingualism and biculturalism in Canada and to recommend what steps should be taken to develop the Canadian Confederation on the basis of an equal partnership between the

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  • Bilingualism

    Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina, el Caribe, España y Portugal Sistema de Información Científica Miranda Montenegro, Iván Ricardo Insights on Bilingualism and Bilingual Education: A Sociolinguistic Perspective Íkala, revista de lenguaje y cultura, vol. 17, núm. 3, septiembre-diciembre, 2012, pp. 263-272 Universidad de Antioquia Medellín, Colombia Available in: Íkala, revista de lenguaje y cultura, ISSN (Printed Version): 0123-3432

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  • The English- Only Debate by Alejandro Portes Outline

    generation group was fluent in the mother tongue by the age of 17 • English-Spanish bilingualism was the most common, but 65% lost their parental language • 90% of children lacked fluency Is Complete Language Assimilation Desirable? • These trends raise the question of whether complete language assimilation (acquisition of fluent English and abandonment of native languages) is desirable • Madorah Smith declared bilingualism to be a hardship devoid of any advantage • Study did not distinguish between

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  • The Official Language Movement

    special programs that try to maintain native languages rather that teach English, often without their parents consent.” 2) This article discusses the public policy questions and the history of bilingualism in education in America. Most people do not realize the complexity and the history of bilingualism in America. The use of more than one language by a community has been part of the American social and political landscape for more than two centuries (Kloss, 1977). According to the wishes of parents

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  • Subtractivs Bilinguilism

    SUBTRACTIVE BILINGUALISM The problems are many. It hinders both languages development, undervalues their first language and adds to the problems of the development of conceptual knowledge. I was therefore very pleased to find a term which explained (represented it). Such are the delights of Google. Colin Baker (University of Wales)  says: “Subtractive bilingualism occurs when the development of the second language is detrimental to the development and maintenance of the first language. Through

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  • Bilingual Education

    Bilingual Education Defining bilingualism is problematic. Most part of the time, it is confused to a second language learning (a foreign language often) and greatly used. Take simply, bilingualism is the ability to use two languages. However, many definitions of bilingualism are ranked. According to J. Noll Wn., published in 2004 by The Controversy, those definitions are ranked from a minimal proficiency in two languages, to an advanced level of proficiency which allows the speaker to function

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  • Bilingual Educatio

    is a form of subtractive bilingual system. Factors that influence subtractive bilingualism include; failure to value home language, early exposure to English speaking environments and loss of interest in speaking native language. Proponents suggest that, focus should be on a bilingual model that additive rather than subtractive. The bilingual education is categorized into two; dual bilingualism and immersion bilingualism. Immersion bilingual education system is developed to add another language to

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  • Advantages of Bilingualism

    EDPROFST 226: Introduction to Bilingualism and Bilingual Immersion Education Assignment One: In his book, Language, Power and Pedagogy: bilingual children in the crossfire, Cummins (2000) tells a story of a bilingual Mexican mother who was ordered by a judge to stop speaking Spanish to her daughter during a custody dispute with her husband. The judge’s view was that the mother was ‘abusing’ her daughter by speaking Spanish in their home (p.13). Unfortunately the judge is not alone in his opinion

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  • Psycholinguistics

    wymiarowych References Arsenian, S. (1937). Bilingualism and Mental Development. New York: Teachers College Press. Ben-Zeev, S. (1977). The influence of bilngualism on cognitive strategy and cognitive development. Child Development, 48, 1009-1018. Bialystok, E. (1988). Levels of bilingualism and levels of linguistic awareness. Child Development, 57, 498-510. Bialystok, E. (2001). Bilingualism in development: language, literacy, and cognition. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge

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  • Bilingual

    educational system that utilizes more than one language is bilingual. OVERVIEW: The Philippine Bilingual Education Policy (BEP): Consistent with the 1987 constitutional mandate and a declared policy of the National Board of Education (NBE) on bilingualism in the schools (NBE Resolution No. 73-7, s.1973) the Department of Education, Culture and Sports (DECS) promulgated its language policy. The policy was first implemented in 1974 when DECS issued Dept. Order No. 25, s. 1974 titled, "Implementing

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  • Bilingual, Bilingualism, and a Forgotten Language

    Jose Santos Professor McGuire English 111 26 July 2014 Bilingual, Bilingualism, and a Forgotten Language In the essays “Aria: a Memoir of a Bilingual Childhood” written by Richard Rodriguez and “Loss of Family Languages: Should Educators Be Concerned” written by Lily Wong Fillmore, the authors are concerned about immigrants forgetting their native languages as they get Americanized. Both authors are targeting a mature audience of immigrants, which have come to America to become citizens.

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  • Why Bilinguals Are Smarter

    Guillen Prof. Seif C.A.R 2 March 27, 2012 Response to “Why Bilinguals are Smarter” Researchers have discovered people who are bilingual are smarter. The profound effect of bilingualism improves cognitive skills not related to language and helps prevent against dementia in old age. Bilingualism was considered an interference that hindered a child’s academic and intellectual development. The interference happens because the brain activates both languages so they obstruct each other

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  • Bilingulal

    He who knows one, Knows none. By Max Muller Bilingualism is the ability to speak or write more fluently in 2 languages. In Canada this term has particular meaning it means the ability to communicate in both Canada’s official language i.e. English and French. Official language act it declares the equality of status, for English and French, for all government and federal departments. According to linguistic census there were almost five million Canadians who speak their mother tongue other than

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  • Deafness a a Culture

    that it will also imprison deaf children “in a zone of silence” even from well-meaning attempts. The Deaf community did come up with three different ways to communicate while integrating English and they are: cued speech, total communication, and bilingualism. Cued speech advantages include distinguishing similar words that look alike from lip reading, easy to learn only talking a twenty hours or so, English speaking parents can bypass useless beginning phrases, and nothing has to be lost in translation

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  • Effects of Bilingualism on the Brain

    young (The Bilingual Brain, 2008). Research has shown that bilingual children reach language milestones at the same time as monolingual children and they do not seem to confuse the languages. A benefit of bilingualism is the ability to concentrate at a greater level than monolinguals. Bilingualism improves the brain’s executive function which children use to plan, organize, and pay attention, among other mentally challenging tasks. A study by Ellen Bialystok and Michelle Martin-Rhee supports this statement

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  • Grosjean's Bilingualism

    switches to the other language (De Jong, 2011;60). On a broader scale, this type of practice falls under the term translanguage because of its unique meaning-making dimension. It needs to be mentioned that code-switching isn’t a characteristic of bilingualism that’s done for convenience. It is also really beneficial in the classroom. It aids in both learning the English language and speaking it proficiently. Research shows that teachers who use code-switching as a way of establishing relations and

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  • Code Switching Annotated Article

    and conversational code switching are explained. She also includes a sociolinguistic analysis of code switching. She shows relatively detailed knowledge of language and grammar based upon some of the subjects discussed. She further explains that Bilingualism enables minority speakers to take in the benefits of majority code speakers. One of the issues of code switching is that individuals who engage in it may be rejected by majority and minority code purists. Also, many outsiders assume incorrectly

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  • Essay 3

    preposterous. Only, because it practically is the main language of the country just unofficially. From a general point of view, the definition of bilingualism is whereby a person possesses the ability of easily and naturally speaking in two languages, without experiencing any problem whatsoever. However, from the context of United States of America, bilingualism has a controversial definition (Fallows, 1986) whereby it mainly refers to the use of any other language aside from English in regards to public

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  • Bilinguals Are Not Two Monolinguals in One Head

    The bilingual is not two monolinguals in one person Early studies on bilingualism have spread the idea that bilingualism was a disadvantage, that it might help developing anomalies (Pichon and Borel-Maisonny, 1937) or deteriorate children’s intelligence (Eichorn-Jones: 1952). From the 1970s onwards, more extensive and in-depth studies have discredited this idea that bilingualism was cognitively damaging and have shown the complexity and the specific characteristics of bilingual acquisition. Among

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  • Bilingualism

    May 2015 Bilingualism One in seven or 31.8 million people speak a language other than English in their home, according to the United States Census. (United States Census, 2009). People use this term in different ways. For some, bilingualism means an equal ability to communicate in two languages. For others, bilingualism means the ability to communicate in two languages but with the possibility of greater skills in one language. There is a lot of criteria that goes along with bilingualism. For this

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  • The Official Language Movement

    emphasize bilingual but not bicultural education (Schaefer, 2006). Some Hispanics strongly oppose bilingualism, believing that English-only education, even for very young children, is the key to success. The growth of the Hispanic population has moved Congress towards recognizing the multilingual culture of the United States. Federal law has mandated that bilingual ballots be provided where necessary. Bilingualism in politics in the United States is not a well understood concept, especially since most people

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  • Bilingualism

    Running Head: BILINGUALISM 1 Simultaneous Versus Sequential Bilingualism BILINGUALISM 2 Bilingualism is the ability to speak and communicate in two languages. Bilingualism can be acquired in two different ways. Children usually acquire bilingualism from being exposed to two separate languages from a parent, nanny, or caregiver. Simultaneous bilingualism occurs when a child acquires two languages at the same time (simultaneously), before the age of three (Otto and

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  • Rights & Freedoms

    minority language rights in Canada Trudeau had to deal with a lot of backlash from many provinces as well as the public which viewed the Act as the "threat" of bilingualism in English Canada. Trudeau felt that it was important to strengthen bilingualism in Canada especially with the threat of Quebec Separation. Although official bilingualism has not achieved consensus public and provincial support for bilingual services has dramatically increased across Canada. Following the birth of Canada under

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  • The Official Language Movement

    enforcement of English as the one and only language spoken in all local and governmental facilities. The author does not think that any other language should be spoken other than English (Steven W.  Bender, 1996). Two Opposing Views of Bilingualism is a publication that was composed in 1999 and it reflects on both points of view, political, and educational. This article is how ever geared more toward the Educational side of the argument. The author comments on an experiment that took place

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  • Bilingualism in Canada: Good or Bad?

    Bilingualism in Canada: Good or Bad? I believe that bilingualism is central to Canada’s identity, as well as other languages. Pierre Elliott Trudeau has said that, “Bilingualism unites people; dualism divides them. Bilingualism means you can speak to the other; duality means you live in one language and the rest of Canada will live in another language”. Bilingualism is an essential part of Canadian nature and in the

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  • Financial Job Description

    top management. Skills and Knowledge Requirements: * Bachelor’s degree in Accounting or Finance * More than 3 years of experience in Finance and 3 years in a similar position * Advanced skills in financial modeling using Excel * Bilingualism in French and English, written and spoken * Strong analytical and communication skills * Ability to prioritize Financial Controller ( Job Description: The job

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  • What Is Bilingualism and How Do People Communicate Bilingually?

    What is Bilingualism and how do people communicate bilingually? A critical analysis of the topic in the book “Academic Writing: Making the transition” by Steve Marshall. The book has a number of definitions for the term Bilingual. Edwards (1994), states that virtually all people were bilingual in nature. He stated that anyone who can communicate few words of another language is bilingual. This is to say that for example, if someone went on holiday to another country and could exchange

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  • Does Bilingualism Improve Brain Function?

    Does Bilingualism improve brain functioning? Although it is believed by many that it is impossible for children to master two different languages simultaneously, children who are bilingual are more effective learners because the children can benefit from bilingualism in their cognitive development and help to progress their mental health. This paper will examine Jean Paget’s and Lev Vygotsky’s Theories of Cognitive Development, and B.F. Skinner’s and Noam Chomsky’s Language Development

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  • Bilingualism in America

    1.In S.I. Hayakawa’s essay ethos are applied numerously through out. Through out S.I’s essay he refers to his own experience about being an American immigrant along with the interest group he created that gives his credibility. For example, S.I. explained to the audience “several years ago, I helped to establish U.S. English, a Washington D.C.- based public interest group that seeks an amendment to the U.S. constitution declaring English our official language…” (paragraph 3). S.I. also specifies

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  • The Effect of Bilingualism and Age on Inhibitory Control

    The effect of bilingualism and age on inhibitory control The study by Salvatierra and Rosselli (2010) examined whether bilingualism is a protective factor against age-related cognitive effects by exploring the effects of bilingualism in an inhibitory control task (Salvatierra, & Rosselli, 2010). Existing research evidence in the literature is not conclusive and does not provide a definitive position on whether or not being bilingual offers any protective benefits to people cognitive functioning

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  • Bilingualism

    Anne Kerry Osias 02/23/2012 How does bilingualism influence our world? The 15th Prime Minister of Canada, Pierre Trudeau said, “A bilingual state is more expensive than a unilingual one – and it is a richer state” which analogues that bilingualism is a premium appliance that is transfiguring our world. Furthermore, being bilingual will provide the aptitude of conversing with foreign peers and traveling in diverse

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  • Bilingual Services

    the Only Language Immigration, legal or not, has been a problem for the United States for a long time. In the U.S., promoters of bilingualism have supported the use of other languages for public services, including government documents, hospitals services, voting ballots, and bilingual education. In their essays “A Nation Divided by One Language” and “Viva Bilingualism”, James Crawford and James Fallows claim that it is not necessary to declare English the official language of the U.S. On the other

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  • Business

    America contains many people with different attributes, with bilingualism being in the middle of one of the conflicts America has; what should America’s native language be? Most Americans feel it should be English while other feels it should not be determined because of the diversity America has. Either way it presents both a positive and a negative insight and depends on the person. Bilingualism seems to be becoming a necessity because of how many people comet to the United States every minute

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  • Bilingualism

    Bilingualism – Education aspect Twisted Tongues: The Failure of Bilingual Education This article talks about the failure of bilingual education in the United States. Part of the article gives personal experiences from people who have dealt with bilingual education, in which they have bad experiences. Most of the them say that they feel like their children are discriminated against because of their last name or ethnicity. For example, in one experience the parent says that their child was shy

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  • The Official Language Movement

    that can be reflected on . Part of all this is society personal attitudes when it comes to immigrants. (Rolf Kjolseth 2000). Many American, although not always conscious of their actions, often show a hypocritical double standard when it comes to bilingualism. On one side, they show pride and encourage a natural born American citizen that studies abroad learning a foreign language and becoming bilingual, at the same time they expect that all immigrants stop using their native languages and use only

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  • Eth125 Checkpoint 1

    started to actually mandate how bilingualism is taught in the public school districts. It is a very long and drawn out article that states what bilingualism is about and how it benefits the students that use it. The article also describes what the author knows about bilingualism and how statistics show that Latino scores are improved by taking these classes. The next article that I have found is one that also is for bilingualism in public school. It states

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  • Bilingualism

    number of languages spoken throughout the world. Every person knows at least one language. However, many people have the capacity to learn and speak a second language from another country. This ability is called bilingualism. According Encyclopedia of Language and Literacy Development, bilingualism is the ability to speak two languages. II. Attention Getting: My name is Lotta Ntsame and I am from Gabon . I am bilingual because I am from a french speaking country ,so I speak french and since I am in the

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  • Bilingualism

    how to get there are filled with a lot of “fluff” or unattainable options. He is somewhat of a political figure and tends to ride the fence on what might be considered controversial from someone of his stature. 3. This article is about bilingualism in politics. In this article the author writes about and teenage boy who was suspended from school for speaking Spanish. The author argues that the issue isn’t at all about language, but about immigration and issue the U.S. has with Mexico and

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  • Bilingualism in Politics

    March 1, 2012 Week 7 Checkpoint Summary 2 Bilingualism in Politics In the article A Critical Mass Model of Bilingualism among U.S. Born Hispanics, written by April Linton, which talks about how government reacts bilingualism and rather than find a solution to the problem they tend to go the opposite way. “The government makes choices about what language or languages they (minorities) will communicate in” (Linton, 2004). The government has passed laws that only made it acceptable to speak

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  • The Official Language Movement

    Speaker of the House, Newt Gingrich, said "Citizenship requires passing a test on American History in English. If that’s true, we do not have to create ballots in any other language except English," (2007). Mr. Gingrich also stated that to allow bilingualism will pose long term dangers to our nation and that bilingual education should be replaced with immersion in English. There is even debate as to whether legislation should be passed requiring that all drivers’ license test be given in English

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  • Japanese System of Bilingual Education

    题目:Japanese System of Bilingual Education: Connecting Intercultural Communication with Bilingualism (跨文化传播、双语形象与多元文化主义:以日本双语教学为例) 研 究 生: 阿夏 指导教师: 安然 学 号: 201122800213 学 院: 新闻与传播学院 专 业: 传播学 华南理工大学研究生院 二〇一二年七月 Abstract The concept of "bilingualism" (two-, multilingualism) has become a symbol of the XXI century. Bilingualism is a way of thinking, perception of the world, self-identity. Open borders within

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